As the head of the United States Department of Justice, the attorney general is tasked to represent the State in all legal matters it is involved in. Under the stipulations of Title 28 of the United States Code, the attorney general is appointed by the president, and belongs as one of the members of the cabinet. Unlike all other constituents of the president’s cabinet, the attorney general is not referred to as secretary. The current United States attorney general as of February 2009 is Eric Holder, and he is the 82nd man to hold this position since 1789. In addition to that, Mr. Holder is also the first African-American attorney general in US history.
The attorney general serves as the adviser of the president in legal issues regarding the country, and is also considered as the chief lawyer of the State. Other heads of the executive department of the US government may also consult with the attorney general when necessary. According to the official website of the US attorney general, he also is tasked to be the chief law enforcement officer in the country. In certain cases, the attorney general may be removed from office or impeached following a trial by the Senate and the House of Representatives. The president may also remove the attorney general from office at his own discretion.
At the federal level, each US state is also represented by an attorney general, who is duly appointed by their respective governors. In the same way that the US attorney general handles legal matters of the country, so the state attorney generals perform their duties in their areas of jurisdiction. To learn more about the specific tasks and responsibilities of the attorneys general of each state, there are official websites that you can look into.